Travel to Georgia » History of Georgia

History of Georgia

Georgia is located in Eurasia, the Caucasus. It is bordered by the Black Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Turkey and Armenia to the south, south – east by Azerbaijan. Area of ​​107,600 km 2, population 4,497 million. Capital – Tbilisi.

The country has passed a difficult way, was a period of revival and fall. Of the area was permanently settled, it is proved by the fact that the Dmanisi archaeological excavations unearthed a human skeleton. In antique period was established early states of Colchis and Iberia. Colchis was included western side of the Georgia (Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Svaneti,Radja, Aphkhazeti) capital was Aia, today Kutaisi. Iberian Kingdo. m was located in territory of east and south Georgia. It was founded by King Parnavaz. Capital was Armazi, then it was named Mtskheta. At V century capital was Tbilisi.

After the collapse of Colchis on the territory of western Georgia was created Georgian Kingdom. In antique period Egrisi was named Lazika.

In VIII century began to unification the Georgia. In 809 year King Ashot I, was founded Bagrationi dynasty. After this for centuries they remained of the royal family. Bagrat III become as a King in Aphkhazeti. In 978 year Bagrat III joined Klarkethi and Tao to his kingdom. Capital was Uplistsikhe. The unification process was completed by  David IV the Builder. In 1104 year he joined the kingdom Kakhet-hereti. Territory of the country was encompassed the whole Caucasus.

Georgia has consistently attacked the invaders, Kidnapped lands, Russia tried to become Georgians to russificate, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, two of the most important parts of our territory division out. Besides it country can to go in advance. In 2003 after the revolution of roses country began economic development. Nowadays Georgia is member of several international organizations: United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation.